Memory Cognition and Intelligence 2018
See Bernstein Doc below.
Look for the Cognition Test Review Doc Below
Loftus Ted Talk About Eyewitness Testimony
Memory Ch 9
Brain Structures and Memory (Great Link)
Check documents below.
Reconstructive Memory: an account of piecing together and reassembling stored information during recall, and stored knowledge, expectations and beliefs are used to fill gaps and produce a coherent memory representation
Reconstructive Memory – memory is impacted by what we previously thought and
Elizabeth Loftus at the University of Washington, has espoused a new theory regarding the accuracy of eyewitness accounts due to a series of experiments she completed. Loftus argues that the memory of an event is placed into long-term memory and is then reconstructed after the fact due to instances such as verbalization of the event, pictures, discussion, other life events that may be a reminder of that specific event, or even the nature of a question asked about the event that may suggest nonexistent occurrences. After this particular memory is reconstructed, if asked to recall the event, one then pulls that new reconstructed memory from the long-term memory and it is then used as a factual recollection. This reconstruction is usually subtle and harmless, unless, of course, a person is in a situation where his or her recollection could change the fate of another person’s life due to their account of an event. Because of this potential threat to our current judicial system, Loftus constructed a four-part experiment in order to support and accurately construct her present theory.
Basics: from Idiots Guide to Psych: Memory
•Our memory doesn’t mind very well—it often misremembers, forgets, and makes mistakes.
•The three mental operations required for memory are encoding (putting information in), storage (filing it away), and retrieval (finding it); forgetting is a failure in one of these areas.
•Mnemonics are very effective memory aids that help us store information in a way that enables us to easily recall it later on. And the use of written reminders and other memory strategies can be especially useful for the elderly, who have more problems remembering recent events.
•Sleep is believed to be actively involved in consolidating memory, especially procedural memories.
•Mental and physical exercise can slow the impact of degenerative neurological diseases, such as Alzheimer’s.
•False memories can fool us and professionals as well; although not likely, it is possible to remember serious childhood trauma that never that never happened. As far as forgetting traumatic things that did happen, the truth is still up in the air. However, the vast majority of people remember ongoing traumatic events.